by Thich nu Minh Tam
The Noble Koran or simply called "The Book" is the innermost core of Islam, one of the oldest major religions in the world. It is the central reality in the life of Islam; it is the life of Islam; it is the world in which a Muslim lives.
Literally, the word Al Qur'an in Arabic means a recitation. Fulfilling that purpose, the Koran is perhaps the most recited book in the world. In this "reciting" in the sacred Arabic language, Muslims hear God speaking in His own words: it is God's speech and self-revelation in much the way that Christ, the Divine Logos, is for Christians (W.C.Smith). It has always been and still is considered to be the last in a series of divine revelations from God given to humanity through the final prophet Muhammad.
The Koran is divided into 114 surahs or chapters full of poetic verses that have emotionally touched upon the heart of Islamic followers. Muslims tend to read the Koran literally. They consider it the earthly facsimile of an uncreated Koran in almost exactly the way that Chiristians consider Jesus to have been the human incarnation of God. The comparison that reads, "If Christ is God incarnate, the Koran is God inlibriate", is inelegant but not inaccurate (Huston Smith, World of Religions, p.232).
The Koran, continues the Old and New Testaments God's earlier revelations, and presents itself as their conclusion: "Lo, those who believe (in that which is revealed unto thee, Muhammad) and those who are Jews, and Christians and Sabaeans - whoever believeth in Allah and the Last Day . . ." (Surah 2:62), "and they say: None entered paradise unless he be a Jew or a Christian. . ."(Surah 2:111), "and the Jews will not pleased . . .with the Christians . . . " (Surah 2:120)
This surah might be described somehow the connection among the Koran, the Holy Bible of Christianity and the Torah of Judaism. It contains a mention of all the essential points of the Revelation that are elaborated elsewhere. That relationship is more specific and clear in the verses of Surah 2: 29, 31, 37, 40, 47, 53 - the image of God or Allah is very significant and magnifique. Moreover, the verses in Surah 5: 68, 69, 70, 10:47, 4:164 have entitled Jews, Christians and Muslims as "People of The Book." However, Muslims regard the Old and New Testaments have something not complete as the Koran. According to Huston Smith in World of Religions, the Jewish and Christians Bibles were partially corrupted in transmission that explains their discrepancies in comparison with the Koran. It makes the Koran the final and infallible revelation of God's will, like the Surah 2 writes: "This is the Scripture whereof there is no doubt."
In short, Muslims honor Jesus as a prophet and accepts his virgin birth; Adam's and Jesus souls are the only two that God created directly. The Koran draws the line at the doctrine of the incarnation and the Trinity and it stands at the core of Islamic faith as the active communication of the divine will for humankind.